rabbi aaron

Rabbi Rant: Trolling Tevye

There’s no debate – Fiddler on the Roof is part of the Jewish American canon. It’s given us a classic story, many popular songs and two dance moves that aren’t the Hora – the Bottle Dance and the Tevye Shimmy.

But it’s also given us a terrible metaphor for Judaism.

“A fiddler on the roof – sounds crazy, no? In our little village of Anatevka, you might say every one of us is a fiddler on the roof, trying to scratch out a pleasant, simple tune without breaking his neck. It isn’t easy.”

These are the very first lines of the movie, spoken by Tevye in the opening song “Tradition”. So, being Jewish is crazy. And dangerous. And it isn’t easy. OK, not a great sales pitch for Judaism.

But surely there must be some benefits to fiddling on the roof…otherwise we’d just get down from there, no?

“You may ask, why do we stay up there if it’s so dangerous? We stay because Anatevka is our home.”

That’s the pitch?! We stay, not because we gain anything by being on the roof, but because that’s what we’re used to and we don’t want to leave? Habitual Judaism: do it, because that’s what you do.

Maybe there wasn’t a need to articulate reasons for staying on the roof back in the day, when Judaism was so ingrained that “leaving” would have been extremely difficult in the rare instances when it was even an option.

But Judaism does not play the same role for most American Jews today. For those on the roof, seeing how easy it is to leave, the “it’s your routine” argument doesn’t suffice as a reason to stay. Besides, most of us aren’t on the roof at all – we’re on the ground floor deciding whether climbing up is worth the effort, sacrifice and risk. We need the case for engaging, not the case for staying.

So, why fiddle on the roof? Tevye has only one word for an answer: tradition!

“You may ask, how did this tradition start? I’ll tell you… I don’t know. But it’s a tradition.”

This may be a funny joke, but it reflects an uninspired relationship with Judaism. Tradition without explanation is arbitrary and empty. It’s the routine argument all over again, except, instead of it being what you’re used to doing, it’s what previous generations were used to doing. Just because someone did something 200 years ago doesn’t mean it has inherent meaning. We believe in the idea of progress precisely because we don’t believe that the way things were is necessarily the way things should be. Tradition for tradition’s sake is not a value, and it’s certainly not a foundation upon which to build a Jewish identity.

Maybe it’s not fair to give Tevye this burden of representing an inspired Judaism. His character wasn’t intended as a model of the ideal Jew. Still, whether by causation or coincidence, his understanding of Judaism as something that is important because it’s old, not because it’s relevant, is shared by many American Jews today.

While this may have provided Tevye with sufficient motivation to stay, it certainly isn’t a compelling reason for us to engage today. We need to find a new metaphor. To do that, we’re going to have to put the fiddle down and get off the roof.

The views and opinions expressed in this blog and on this website are solely those of the original authors. These views and opinions do not necessarily represent those of the organization GatherDC, the GatherDC staff, the GatherDC board, and/or any/all contributors to this site.
4 replies
  1. Alistaire Moore
    Alistaire Moore says:

    Once we put the fiddle down and get off the roof, we might see that there was a good reason we were playing the fiddle on the roof.

    • Aaron Potek
      Aaron Potek says:

      That may be, but better than staying on the roof without knowing the good reason. As the Talmud (Tractate Gittin 43a) says: a person does not stand on the words of Torah until s/he stumbles on them.

  2. Elliot
    Elliot says:

    I love your blog! And I think the point you’re making here is important. ButI also think that you’re throwing Tevye a little bit under the bus to make it. When Tevye refers to fiddling on the roof, I don’t think he’s talking about being Jewish. That’s not the metaphor. He’s talking about living in Anatevka, a community that is poor and subject to hate crimes. The metaphor is for the precarious economic, political, and cultural place they’re in. And “tradition” isn’t the answer to the question of why they stay up there — tradition is the HOW, not the WHY!

    The fiddle is now indeed down and off the roof — not because we’ve given up Judaism (some have, and some haven’t, I guess) — but because we’ve given up living in small Russian towns that are periodically ransacked by antisemitic cossacks. So now that we’re off the roof, I guess the question is what tradition, or Judaism is for, because we no longer need it to keep our balance.

    I also don’t think Tevye’s relationship to Judaism is uninspired. It’s simple, and it’s uneducated, but it’s tender and emotional and strong and quite genuine. Jewish tradition helps him get through the day, and it gives meaning to his life.

    • Aaron Potek
      Aaron Potek says:

      Thanks Elliot! I agree with your corrections re: the metaphor of the fiddler being about Anatevka and of tradition being the how and not the why. But I think my main point stands – when Judaism is reduced to arbitrary acts that give us grounding in a crazy, unstable world, we’ve turned Judaism into a mindless routine at best or a superstitious cult at worst. Sure, the world is crazy enough that some might still find this articulation of Judaism compelling. But most won’t. Most are looking for a Judaism that draws its meaning from something other than a claim of being inherently, inexplicably meaningful. That alternative articulation of Judaism exists, just not in Fiddler on the Roof.


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